WORLD WAR II

September 1st, 1939 ~ September 2nd, 1945

While Japan had been at War with China for nearly two years, 

the World War is said to have started when Germany invaded Poland

causing France and the United Kingdom to declare war against Germany.

The United States became involved in the war as combatants after the bombing

of Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941.

This was a true Global conflict, with  battles fought on

every continent except Antarctica, and casualties are said

to number between 50 and 85 MILLION people.

 

WORLD WAR II

September 1st, 1939 ~ September 2nd, 1945

While Japan had been at War with China for nearly two years, 

the World War is said to have started when Germany invaded Poland

causing France and the United Kingdom to declare war against Germany.

The United States became involved in the war as combatants after the bombing

of Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941.

This was a true Global conflict, with  battles fought on

every continent except Antarctica, and casualties are said

to number between 50 and 85 MILLION people.

 

WORLD WAR I

 July 28th,  1914 to November 11th, 1918

 

The trigger for the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria,

heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, in Sarajevo on June 28th 1914.

Within weeks the major powers were at war, and the conflict soon spread around the world.

Russia was the first to mobilize its armies on July 24-25, 1914.

 on July 28th. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia,

and Russia declared mobilization on July 30th.

 Germany declared war on Russia on August 1st, 2014.

Being outnumbered on the Eastern Front,

Russia urged France to open up a second front in the west.

Japan entered the war on the side of the Allies on August 23rd,1914,

taking advantage of Germany's distraction with the European War

to expand its influence in the Pacific.

Forty years earlier, the Franco-Prussian War had ended the Second French Empire

and France had ceded the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine

to a unified Germany.

Bitterness over that defeat and the desire to retake those provinces

prompted France to declare war on Germany. 

The border between France and Germany was heavily fortified on both sides

so Germany invaded Belgium and Luxembourg

before invading France from the north,

The United Kingdom declared war on Germany

on August 4th. due to the German violation of Belgian neutrality.

After the German march on Paris was halted in the Battle of the Marne,

what became known as the Western Front settled into a battle of attrition,

with a trench line that changed little until 1917.

On the Eastern Front, the Russian army led a successful campaign against the Austro-Hungarians,

but the Germans stopped its invasion of East Prussia. 

In November 1914, the Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers,

opening fronts in the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, and the Sinai Peninsula.

In 1915, Italy joined the Allies and Bulgaria joined the Central Powers.

Romania joined the Allies in 1916.

After the sinking of seven US merchant ships by German submarines,

the US declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917.

The Russian government collapsed in March 1917 with internal Revolution,

which was followed by a military defeat and

which granted the Germans a significant victory.

After the stunning German Spring Offensive along the Western Front in the spring of 1918,

the Allies rallied and drove back the Germans. 

On November 4th, 1918, the Austro-Hungarian empire agreed to an Armistice,

and Germany, which had its own trouble with revolutionaries,

agreed to an armistice on November 11th, 1918,

ending the war with victory for the Allies.

Soon after the war the German Empire, Russian Empire,

Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman Empire ceased to exist.

Nine independent nationswwere restored or created.

During the Paris Peace Conference of 1919,

the Big Four powers (Britain, France, the United States and Italy)

imposed their terms in a series of treaties.

The League of Nations was formed

with the aim of preventing any repetition of such a conflict. 

 

WORLD WAR II

September 1st, 1939 ~ September 2nd, 1945

While Japan had been at War with China for nearly two years, 

the World War is said to have started when Germany invaded Poland

causing France and the United Kingdom to declare war against Germany.

The United States became involved in the war as combatants after the bombing

of Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941.

This was a true Global conflict, with  battles fought on

every continent except Antarctica, and casualties are said

to number between 50 and 85 MILLION people.