February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902

Fighting erupted between forces of the United States

and those of the Philippine Republic on February 4, 1899,

in what became known as the Second Battle of Manila.

The Filipinos saw the conflict as a continuation of the Filipino struggle for independence that began in 1896 with the Philippine Revolution; the U.S. government regarded it as an insurrection.

On June 2, 1899, the First Philippine Republic officially declared war against the United States.

The war officially ended on July 2, 1902, with a victory for the United States.